Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Arthropoda, Class Insecta, Order Hymenoptera, Suborder Apocrita, Family Vespidae, Genus Vespa

There are well over 100,000 species of wasps, which are parasitic insects that deposit eggs directly into the body of the host.

Vespa and are distinguished from other vespines (wasps) by the width of the vertex (part of the head behind the eyes), which is proportionally larger in Vespa and by the anteriorly rounded gasters (the section of the abdomen behind the wasp waist). The best known species is the European hornet (Vespa crabro), about 2–3.5 cm in length, widely distributed throughout Europe, Russia, North America and Northeast Asia.

Coming soon.

"Asian Giant Hornet - Suzumebachi". Basic overview of the body structure of insects and point out some curious aspects of this particular hornet (Vespa mandarinia), including its formidable stinger mandible, head, thorax, double wing joints, and abdomen.

UK Bee Unit Bee Base

Bug Guide Aculeata - Ants, Bees and Stinging Wasps

EOL Encyclopedia of Life Vespa

Vespa Mandarinia in the USA

Wikipedia Links ...


Hemolytic Activity of Stinging Insect Venom

Comparative enzymology of venoms from stinging Hymenoptera

Schmidt Sting Pain Index